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September 2019 Newsletter

IAHR’s September 2019 Newsletter highlights our special September 4 Event at Adas Israel Congregation, a significant court decision in Virginia, an upcoming program on Solitary in Maryland that will take place in Howard County, a report on IAHR’s Pen Pal Project, and IAHR’s monthly letter from prison by MarQui Clardy.  You will also find links to two essays on different aspects of criminal justice.  

September 4 Program Featuring Congressman Jamie Raskin- A Big Success  
Judge Refuses To Dismiss Case Challenging Virginia's Use Of Solitary Confinement 
IAHR Next Forum On Solitary Confinement in Maryland 
Pen Pal Program Update 


 "September 4 Program Featuring Congressman Jamie Raskin- A Big Success"

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Over 100 people attended the September 4 program at Adas Israel featuring Congressman Jamie Raskin (MD-8th District).  Congressman Raskin’s talk was preceded by interviews of different attendees that were videoed on a “red carpet.”   More in depth interviews were conducted by radio and TV personality Madelyne Woods in front of a video camera.  Ms. Woods leads a radio program on WMMJ (102.3 and 92.7) on Sunday mornings from 6 to 10 a.m.  Woods is a veteran television and radio personality whose broadcast career spans over two decades. She’s a regular contributor to the Tom Joyner Morning Show, a former BET host and has had interviews featured on several major TV networks.

The interviews will be edited and turned into a film about advocacy on solitary confinement. 

Congressman Raskin gave a shout out to IAHR Maryland Legislative Liaison, Kimberly Haven, who worked with then Senator Raskin in the early 2000s on passing legislation in the Maryland Legislation to enfranchise returning citizens. 

The Congressman then said the lesson of that effort is that the “improbable can become the inevitable.”  He applied that lesson to ending the abuse of solitary confinement.  What may seem difficult to pass now can quickly become widely accepted. 

Following Congressman’s talk, he fielded questions from the audience.  One of the questions was from Delegate Jazz Lewis (MD-24th District).  Delegate Lewis asked for Congressman’s support for legislation ending the abuse of solitary confinement in the upcoming session of the Maryland Legislature.  He asked the Congressman to testify at a hearing in Annapolis next winter.   The Congressman said he would come depending on his congressional schedule.

Another highlight were the remarks of WPFW radio personality, Roach Brown.  Mr. Brown spoke how he served time as a young man and was in solitary eight different times.  When he was released, he went to St Elizabeth’s Hospital to recover.  He was at St Elizabeth’s for three years.  Mr. Brown gave eloquent testimony to terrible effects of prolonged isolation.

The program concluded with an ask for donations to support IAHR’s work.  


 



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Judge Refuses To Dismiss Case Challenging Virginia's Use Of Solitary Confinement

      ACLU-VA                           AUGUST 27,2019

Federal District Court Judge Robert E. Payne today issued a sweeping 67-page opinion rejecting in its entirety an attempt by Virginia Department of Corrections (VDOC) officials and employees to block judicial review of their use of solitary confinement in state prisons.

The ACLU of Virginia, together with the Roderick and Solange MacArthur Justice Center and pro bono attorneys from Washington, D.C., brought the case on behalf of Nicolas Reyes, a monolingual Spanish speaker who was held in solitary confinement for more than 12 years at Red Onion State Prison. Mr. Reyes’ inability to communicate in English meant that he had no meaningful access to VDOC’s Step-Down Program that VDOC claims gives people a pathway out of solitary confinement. The complaint alleges Mr. Reyes decompensated mentally and physically as a result of his forced isolated confinement. 

“It is our hope that the judge’s complete rejection of the arguments made by the Office of the Attorney General in defending VDOC’s continued use of solitary confinement will result in VDOC, the attorney general and the Governor’s Office taking a hard look at their continued defense of this inhumane practice, and result in a decision to discontinue its use except in the most extreme circumstances and for very limited periods of time,” said ACLU-VA Executive Director, Claire Guthrie Gastañaga.

The lawsuit claims that VDOC’s treatment of Mr. Reyes subjected him to unconstitutional cruel and unusual punishment, deprived him of his constitutional rights to due process and equal protection, and violated his statutory rights to be free from discrimination based on his national origin and disability.

“Experts and human rights advocates have long recognized that solitary confinement is inimical to human dignity and counterproductive to the stated goal of running safe prisons,” said Maggie Filler, attorney with the MacArthur Justice Center. “In opinion after opinion, courts around the country are showing that they, too, take seriously the enormous threat that solitary confinement poses for prisoners. It is time to put a stop to this barbaric practice.”

The decision on behalf of Mr. Reyes comes in the wake of a precedent-setting decision from the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals, Porter v. Clarke, which held that solitary conditions created an unconstitutional risk that prisoners would suffer severe mental harm. The ACLU-VA filed an amicus in that case in support of Mr. Porter's claims.

“It is well accepted that extended solitary confinement can cause or exacerbate mental illness which is clearly what happened in this case,” said Vishal Agraharkar, senior staff attorney for ACLU-VA. “Mr. Reyes’ complete isolation because of his limited English compounded the harm he faced in a prison that made little to no effort to provide services in his native tongue,” he added. As Judge Payne wrote in his opinion, there is "no doubt that Reyes has alleged serious medical conditions as to which Defendants were fully aware and indifferent.”

The court's refusal to grant the VDOC defendants' motion to dismiss allows this case to move toward to discovery and trial and provides Mr. Reyes the opportunity to prove the truth of his allegations.

For additional background on solitary confinement in our state prisons, review ACLU-VA’s report – Silent Injustice.



IAHR Next Forum On Solitary Confinement in Maryland

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When: Thursday, October 24, 2019 from 7 to 9 pm                                               

Where: St Andrew’s Episcopal Church, 2892 MD-97, Glenwood, MD 21738       

Questions? Contact Rabbi Feinberg at 202-669-7700                                 

Refreshments will be served  

Click here to RSVP

                  

Warren Rymes is a returning citizen whose sentence was commuted by Governor Hogan in August 2018.  Since that time, Warren has become involved in IAHR.  Warren is especially interested in solitary confinement and mental health services in the Maryland prison system.  Warren advises criminal justice students in the Prison and Justice Initiative at Georgetown University.  He also lectures in the Georgetown Law School.  Recently, Warren began consulting with the Mayor’s Office of African American Male Engagement on a project to stop violence in Baltimore.  Warren has also started his own business called 3R which assists returning citizens in their recovery, rehabilitation, and reentry.  

Kimberly Haven’s journey as an advocate began when she sought to regain her own voting rights after release from a Maryland prison in 2001. As a result of Kimberly’s hard work and the support and guidance of organizations and affected individuals, the Maryland House and Senate in March 2007 approved the Voting Rights Protection Act, which re- enfranchised 50,000 residents who had completed their sentences. Since that time, Kimberly Haven has served as the executive director of Justice Maryland, the Maryland Justice Project, and project director for the Maryland Public Defender's Pre-Trial and Bail Reform Campaign.  Currently, Kimberly is serving as IAHR’s Legislative Liaison to end the abuse of long term isolation in Maryland state prisons. 

Charles M. Feinberg was a congregational rabbi for 42 years. He served and led congregations in Wisconsin, New York, British Columbia, and Washington, DC. He served as a rabbi at Adas Israel Congregation in Washington, DC from 2006 to 2015. During his career, Rabbi Feinberg has been an advocate for Central American Refugees, the poor and the homeless, for interfaith dialogue and cooperation, and for respecting the human rights of both Palestinians and Israelis. Rabbi Feinberg received his rabbinical ordination from the Jewish Theological Seminary of America. Rabbi Feinberg is beginning his fourth year as Executive Director of IAHR. 

Munib Lohrasbi first developed a passion helping people with disabilities while volunteering with Best Buddies, a nonprofit that works to create opportunities for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities, in high school. In college, he continued this work by volunteering with Goodwill and advocating for disability rights. Lohrasbi went on to law school at the University of Maryland, where he worked in a criminal law clinic and then a disability law clinic with the National Association of the Deaf. Upon graduation from law school, he wanted to combine his passion for disability rights advocacy with his criminal justice and legal background. In the OSI-Baltimore Community Fellowship, Lohrasbi works with Disability Rights Maryland (DRM) to improve conditions for people with disabilities in prison around the state. As the state’s designated protection and advocacy agency for people with disabilities, DRM has access to every prison in the state to inspect conditions and collect data. However, the agency has lacked capacity to undertake a comprehensive review.


Pen Pal Program Update

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The mission of IAHR’s Pen Pal Program is to strengthen personal connection and sense of community with DC residents in the Federal Bureau of Prisons. Pen Pal build a friendship, learn about life on the inside; and, enlighten others on incarceration realities. Incarcerated persons build a friendship and get comfort from that personal connection.

Program Background:

Initiated in November 2017 to bring a sense of connection/community to the approximately 4,600 DC residents who are placed in any one of the 122 Federal Correctional Institutions. Rabbi Feinberg persuaded officials in various Federal prisons to post a notice about the Program so incarcerated persons could request a Pen Pal by writing to IAHR. We continue to receive requests based on these notices or by incarcerated persons sharing the news about the Pen Pal Program.

Program Statistics and Current Activities:

Currently we have 190 persons seeking a Pen Pal for whom we have 160 Pen Pals meeting these requests. The persons seeking a Pen Pal are in Federal Institutions in 21 states.

Pen Pals are required to engage in a training session given either in person (typically at a faith-based community) or via video conference call. The next video conference call is scheduled for Monday, September 23, 2019 at 7:30PM. If you know of persons who might be interested in a training session, please let John List know.  If you would like to attend the orientation via videoconference, please contact John List as well. 


 

Letter from Prison

MarQui Clardy

Prison Medical Care essay
8/10/2019

When a person is incarcerated, it's expected that they'll have a number of the rights they enjoyed in society stripped away from them. But you'd also expect that certain basic human rights, such as sufficient medical care, would be inviolable. You would be wrong. In 2011, while working in the inmate kitchen at another prison, I experienced a terrible accident that showed me how little my rights matter in prison.

On this particular day, I was rushing through the kitchen and mistakenly slipped on some cleaning solution someone had just poured onto the floor. I landed directly on my face and blacked out, having suffered a blunt force head trauma injury. When I regained consciousness a few minutes later, I was leaning up against a hotbox being attended to by two nurses. I was in a slight state of delirium; my neck was in so much pain, I could barely hold my head up; there was blood pouring from my nose, mouth, and a nasty gash on my forehead; and my jaw felt broken. The nurses advised that I be immediately transported to the hospital to see a doctor. However, despite the obvious severity of my injuries and nurse's advisement, the C/O's made me wait until they changed shifts - which took almost an hour - before clearing me for transport.

Instead of being placed on a stretcher, I was cuffed, shackled, and sat upright inside the cage in the back of the transport van. No nurse came along to monitor me. During the entire hour-long ride to the hospital, my nose continued bleeding profusely as I faded in and out of consciousness.

Upon my arrival at MCV, I was promptly examined by a physician. The injuries revealed by my X-rays and CT scans are as follows: depressed segment of nasal bone, depressed fracture to frontal sinus, complex fractures to the maxillary bone [the bone that forms the roof of my mouth], complex fracture of nasal septum, left and right orbital fractures [cracked eye sockets], and ethmoid sinus and frontal sinus hemorrhages. Additionally, the physician noted that I had "C6 tenderness" in my neck and spine, noting that my "cervical spine is evaluated to the superior endplate of T1."

Surprisingly, the only treatment I received at the hospital was a tetanus shot and stitches to the laceration in my forehead (OVER the cracked orbital bone). The physician prescribed me Percocet pain medications, and told the C/O's to see to it that I be placed on a soft foods diet until my jaw healed. He also told them to make sure I was housed in a sterile cell to avoid a serious infection such as meningitis. Then he discharged me. Only a few hours after I'd arrived at the hospital, I was headed back to the prison with my nose still dripping blood and my neck still in excruciating pain.

When we arrived back at the prison, I was taken straight to the Watch Commander's office where I was inexplicably charged with fighting and sent to Segregation (even though a kitchen surveillance camera clearly showed me slipping on the floor; not fighting). Against the doctor's orders, the Segregation cell in which I was placed was anything but sterile. The toilet was stopped up with urine and feces, and the floor was wet, most likely with toilet water. Despite my protests that my health may have been at risk in that filthy cell - since I had open wounds - the officers refused to relocate me. They also completely ignored the doctor's order to place me on a soft foods diet. Instead, they continued bringing me regular meals that I couldn't chew due to the fractures in my upper jaw. A lot of times I had to go without eating anything.

I also never received my Percocets, nor any other pain meds the entire first week after my accident, which was when I was them the most pain. I was constantly telling the officers I was in pain and needed emergency medical attention. Their response was always the same: "Submit a sick call form to Medical." I didn't want to go that route because it takes days just to get a response from Medical, and I needed immediate care. Imagine laying in a hospital bed in serious pain, and instead of being able to press the call button to summon a nurse, you're forced to write her a letter, mail it to her home address, wait a day or two for her to receive it, then HOPE she decides to come help you.

Seeing no other option, I went ahead and submitted the sick call form, explaining the severity of the pain I was in and reminding them that I hadn't been receiving the pain medications I'd been prescribed. Just as I expected, I didn't get a response until two days later...telling me I'd been scheduled for a medical appointment the following week. An entire week! Given the seriousness of my injuries, you would've thought I'd have been given better medical attention. But again, you'd be wrong.

Somewhere in the free world, someone else slipped on the floor at work and suffered blunt force head trauma injuries similar to what I'd suffered. That person was immediately rushed to the hospital, kept in a sterile room for at least a couple days where they were monitored by medical staff. They were given medications for their pain. They had a nurse periodically check on them throughout the day. They were given a brace for their neck/spine injury, and some type of dental wiring to help their jaw heal properly. They were shown that their well-being actually mattered. But because I am a prisoner, I was afforded no such humane treatment.

Officers', nurses', and doctors' lack of empathy in prison medical care is a reflection of the overall public's perception of prisoners as less than human and undeserving of the same rights and standards of health as non-incarcerated people. The rate of medical malpractice and neglect in jails and prisons is exponentially higher than in society. This is a serious problem that needs to be addressed!

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For further reading, you may be interested in these articles.

The other problem with ICE detention: Solitary confinement-Washington Post

Slavery gave America a fear of black people and a taste for violent punishment. Both still define our criminal justice system.  By Bryan Stevenson, August 14, 2019-NY Times Magazine

 

 

 



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